The property as personhood theory provides a dominant justification for legal theory and has shaped numerous legal doctrines. Although the theory has been criticized by many scholars, one important concern has escaped scholars thus far. Property as personhood limits identity and confines growth. The concept allows little room for experimenting with personality and testing one’s lifestyle. Access, a rising form of property use in the sharing economy, provides an important alternative. It allows for property use without personhood, emphasizing choice, flexibility and mobility. This Article presents this alternative and explains its significance to property legal theory contra the property as personhood theory. It also details the benefits and costs associated with property without personhood, and sketches out possible legal implications.'The Legal Status of Artificially Intelligent Robots: Personhood, Taxation and Control' by Filipe Maia Alexandre comments
The introduction of artificial intelligence in industry and society will revolutionize the current social structures and comport several regulatory challenges, which legal frameworks are not prepared to give a direct response to. In order to accommodate this reality, we understand that machines with limited memory, machines with a theory of mind and self-aware machines should be considered separate legal entities from their owners and users. Attributing a separate legal status to artificially intelligent agents and defining the contents of that status, namely, regarding liability, eventual rights and potential taxation duties, allows for minimum certainty concerning the consequences of the introduction of those new intelligent agents in society, which contrasts with the large amount of unforeseeability that it comports. However, the risks of that unforeseeability still need to be addressed and mitigated, as they are not only related to eventual damages, but also to the protection of personal data and public safety. When designing technology that could impact the safety or wellbeing of humans, it is not enough to simply presume it works.